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Philoxenos and his wife Philoumene

Marble gravestone of Philoxenos and his wife Philoumene, Greece, circa 400 B.C.: “Philoxenos, a warrior with armor and shield, solemnly shakes hands with his wife Philomene on this stele, or gravestone, from Athens. Their names are carved above the figures’ heads, and the figures were originally elaborated with painted details. The handshake was a symbolic and popular gesture on Classical gravestones: it could represent a simple farewell, a reunion in the afterlife, or a continuing connection between the deceased and the living." (Getty Museum)

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